Tracking the funded status of pension plans as at April 30, 2018

This graph shows the changes in the financial position of a typical defined benefit plan with an average duration since December 31, 2017. For this illustration, assets and liabilities of the plan were each arbitrarily set at $100 million as at December 31, 2017. The estimate of the solvency liabilities reflects the new CIA guidance for valuations effective December 31, 2017 or later. The following graph shows the impact of three typical portfolios on plan assets and the effect of interest rate changes on solvency liabilities of medium duration.

The evolution of the financial situation of pension plans since December 31, 2017

The evolution of the financial situation of pension plans since December 31, 2017

During the month of April, Canadian equity markets, alternative investments as well as global equity markets (CAD) showed positive returns, while Canadian long-term bonds, Canadian universe bonds and Canadian long-term provincial bonds showed negative returns. With a return of 0.1%, the 60/40 portfolio and the highly diversified portfolio (HD) outperformed the low volatility portfolio (LDI1) (-0.9%). The relative outperformance of the 60/40 portfolio and the HD portfolio is mainly due to the lower allocation in Canadian fixed income asset classes. The prescribed CIA Annuity purchase rates increased, while the commuted value rates used in the calculation of solvency liabilities slightly decreased during the month. As a result, the solvency liabilities increased by 0.2% for a medium duration plan. For this type of plan, an investment in the 60/40, LDI portfolio or the HD portfolio resulted in a decrease of the solvency ratio.

Evolution of the solvency ratio as at March 31, 2018 for three different portfoliosportfolio

The table shows the impact of past returns on plan assets and the effect of interest rate changes on solvency liabilities of a medium duration plan, based on the plan’s initial solvency ratio as at December 31, 2017, as well as the asset allocation of the three typical portfolios. Since the beginning of the year, driven by negative returns in Canadian equity markets, Canadian Universe bonds, Canadian long-term bonds as well as Canadian long-term provincial bonds, the 60/40 portfolio, the LDI portfolio and the HD portfolio returned -0.6%, -1.4% and -0.1% respectively. The solvency liabilities fluctuated over that same period from -0.9% to -1.1% depending on the duration of the group of retirees. The variation in the plan’s solvency ratio as at April 30, 2018 stands between -0.4% and 0.9%.

Please contact your Morneau Shepell consultant for a customized analysis of your pension plan.


  1. No consideration has been made for contributions paid to the plan or for benefits paid out of the plan.
  2. Solvency liabilities are projected using the rates prescribed by the Canadian Institute of Actuaries (CIA) for the purpose of determining pension commuted values.
  3. The underlying typical defined benefit plan is a final average plan with no pension indexing, including active and inactive participants representing 60% and 40% of liabilities, respectively.
  4. Assets are shown at full market value. Returns on assets are based on three typical benchmark portfolios.

1  Liability driven investment

News & Views - May 2018 (PDF)